International Schools Group (ISG)

School Nurse

Notes from the Nurse's Office

Concussions

The brain is made up of soft tissue and is cushioned by blood and spinal fluid.  When someone gets a blow to the head or his/her head hits something very hard, the brain suddenly shifts inside the skull and can knock against the skulls bony surface.  A concussion is a temporary change in the way the brain works when it is suddenly moved or jarred in this way.

Concussions can last a few moments or a person may be unconscious (knocked out or passed out) for a couple of minutes or longer.

Signs of concussion and/or head injury include:

  • Severe headache
  • Excessive drowsiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Double vision, or pupils of different sizes
  • Loss of muscle coordination, such as walking strangely, or staggering
  • Any unusual behaviour such as confusion, irregular breathing, or dizziness
  • Bleeding or discharge from the ears

Can concussions be prevented?

Injuries happen.  But the best way to prevent a concussion is to take care of your head.

  • Always wear a seatbelt in a car.
  • When walking across the street, always look both ways and obey all street lights and traffic signs. 
  • Always use a crosswalk.
  • Wear helmets or headgear and other safety equipment when riding a bike, riding motorized bikes or vehicles skateboarding, riding a scooter and playing contact sports.

If you use your head, you can protect your head!

 

Regards,

School Nurses’ Office
ISG Dhahran
330-0555 ext.2201/2202